HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE / HYPERTENSION

High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most common conditions diagnosed in human beings. It happens when the force of blood is too high against the walls of the artery. High blood pressure usually occurs for a long period of time, thus causing a lot of health problems, like heart disease.

The pressure of the blood is determined by the blood flow resistance amount to the arteries as well as the quantity of blood that the heart pumps. The narrower the arteries are and the more blood the heart pumps, the higher is the blood pressure. Individuals may suffer from hypertension for years without displaying any symptoms. However, even though there might be no symptoms, the damage to the heart and blood vessels will continue and can be detected.

You probably have high blood pressure, if the readings of your blood pressure consistently remain 140 above 90 or higher for many weeks. You can also have high blood pressure when only one of these numbers is higher for more than several weeks. Due to high blood pressure, your blood vessels and heart go through extra strain and over time this extra strain can result in a stroke or heart disease. It can also cause various other kidney and heart diseases. High blood pressure is also associated with some types of dementia.

Moreover, uncontrolled hypertension increases the risk of severe health issues, such as heart attack. And, generally high blood pressure develops over many years and eventually affects almost everyone. Luckily, this condition can be easily identified. And, once you know that you suffer from high blood pressure, you can consult the doctor and treat it wisely on time.

Symptoms of high blood pressure or hypertension

Most people who have high blood pressure do not have any symptoms or warning signs, even though the readings of their blood pressure reach severely high levels. However, some of the common symptoms that are seen in patients suffering from hypertension are:

  • Headaches (especially in the morning and at the back of the head)
  • Light-headedness
  • Tinnitus (a hissing or buzzing sound in the ears)
  • Vertigo
  • Altered vision
  • Fainting episodes
  • Anxiety
  • Nosebleeds
  • Shortness of breath

However, these symptoms and signs are not specific and generally do not occur until hypertension has reached a stage where it can prove to be life threatening.

When to see a doctor

Since there are no particular warning signs or symptoms of hypertension, it is best to consult a doctor or general physician, so that he or she can measure your blood pressure and let you know if you suffer from this condition.

You should get your blood pressure assessed regularly with a doctor’s appointment, so that you come to know if it is high or not. It should be a minimum of once in two years after you turn 18 years old.And, when you are aged 40 years or older or are between 18 to 39 years old and have a high risk of hypertension, then you must get altace online.

Also, just one high reading does not essentially indicate that you have high blood pressure. It depends on numerous blood pressure readings that your doctor will take in order to check if it stays high over time. This is because your blood pressure can be affected throughout the day by various things. Therefore, it is best to visit the cardiologist in Singapore and get your blood pressure measured several times to know about your high blood pressure.

References:

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/basics/definition/con-20019580

http://www.bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressureandyou/Thebasics/Whatishigh

https://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/AboutHighBloodPressure/About-High-Blood-Pressure_UCM_002050_Article.jsp